Dental Emergencies

Accidents happen, and knowing what to do when one occurs can mean the difference between saving and losing a tooth. Here are some common dental emergencies and how to deal with them. For all dental emergencies, it’s important to visit your dentist as soon as possible. Most dentists reserve time in their daily schedules for emergency patients so be sure to call your dentist and provide as much detail as you can about your condition. If the accident occurs when your dental office is not open, visit your local emergency room.

What do I do if I knock out my tooth? 
A: For a knocked-out permanent or adult tooth, keep it moist at all times. If you can, try placing the tooth back in the socket without touching the root. If that’s not possible, place it in between your cheek and gums, in milk, or use a tooth preservation product that has the ADA Seal of Acceptance. Then, get to your dentist’s office right away. 

Q: What if I crack my tooth? 
A: For a cracked tooth, immediately rinse the mouth with warm water to clean the area. Put cold compresses on the face to keep any swelling down. See your dentist as soon as possible. 

If I bite my tongue or lip, how do I treat it? 
A: If you bite your tongue or lip, clean the area gently with water and apply a cold compress. See your dentist or go to the emergency room as soon as possible.

How do I treat a toothache? 
A: For toothaches, rinse your mouth with warm water to clean it out. Gently use dental floss to remove any food caught between your teeth. Do not put aspirin on your aching tooth or gums; it may burn the gum tissue. If the pain persists, contact your dentist.

What if I think my jaw is broken? 
A: If you think your jaw is broken apply cold compresses to control the swelling. Go to your dentist or a hospital emergency department immediately.

How do I remove an object that’s stuck in my mouth or teeth
A: For objects stuck in the mouth, try to gently remove with floss but do not try to remove it with a sharp or pointed instrument. See your dentist or go to the emergency room as soon as possible. 

How can I avoid a dental emergency? 
A: There are a number of simple precautions you can take to avoid accident and injury to the teeth:

Wear a mouth guard when participating in sports or recreational activities. 
Avoid chewing ice, popcorn kernels and hard candy, all of which can crack a tooth. 
Use scissors, NEVER use your teeth, to cut things.

Copyright 2014. Wisteria Dental Care. All rights reserved

Your smile depends on simple dental care habits, such as brushing and flossing. But are you using the right techniques? Follow these steps to protect your oral health. 

Brushing for oral health

Oral health begins with clean teeth. Keeping the area where your teeth meet your gums clean can prevent gum disease, while keeping your tooth surfaces clean can help you stave off cavities. Consider these brushing basics from the American Dental Association:  

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day. When you brush don't rush, take enough time to do a thorough job. Use fluoridated tooth paste and a soft bristled brush.

  • Practice good technique. Hold the tooth brush at a slight angle, aiming the bristles towards the gum line and gently brush with back and forth motions. REMEMBER; Always brush the outside, inside and chewing surfaces of your teeth. As well as your tongue.

  • Know when to replace your tooth brush. Every 3-4 months or when the bristles become frayed.

Flossing for oral health

  • For reaching the tight spaces between teeth and under the gum line that cannot be reached by a tooth brush.

  • Break off around 18 inches of dental floss. Winding it around the middle finger of one hand and the rest around the middle finger of other hand.  Gripping it tightly between your thumbs and forefingers.

  • Be gentle. Do not snap the floss into your gums. Guide it using a rubbing motion. When it reaches the gum line curve it against a "C" shape around the tooth. Sliding it in an up and down motion.

  • Take one tooth at a time. Unwind fresh floss as you progress to the next tooth.

  • Keep it up. If you find it hard to floss use an interdental cleaner or interdental brush to clean between the teeth. Also, for people who do not have dexterity (elderly or children) can use a floss holder .

Good oral care begins before a baby's first tooth.Babies are born with all their teeth. You can't see them because they are hidden in the gums. Baby teeth start to break through the gums around 6 months. But it is important to start good oral care even before the first tooth comes in. From healthy gums come healthy teeth.
Kids have all their baby teeth by age 3. These are called primary teeth. Baby teeth start falling out around age 6; that's when the permanent, or adult, teeth start coming in. Gaps between baby teeth are normal. They make room for the permanent teeth. Most permanent teeth come in by age 13.

Bottle Tooth Decay is a serious problem.
It can happen if babies drink milk, formula, or juice out of bottles over long periods of time.

To avoid it:
Take the bottle away after your baby is done drinking.
Don't put your baby to bed with a bottle.

Here are some tips to keep kids' teeth healthy and strong

0–2 years
Wipe gums with a washcloth after feeding. This will help get rid of the sticky coating called plaque that can cause tooth decay.
Brush teeth twice a day with water and a soft-bristle toothbrush.
Schedule first dental appointment before first birthday.

3-5 Years
Start using fluoride toothpaste at age 3
Use only a pea-sized amount. Make sure your child spits it out after brushing.
Try to break thumb-sucking and pacifier habits by age 4.
Start visiting your dental team every 6 months.

6–9 years
Begin flossing as soon as teeth touch.
Let your child know that it's normal for baby teeth to fall out. That's how "grown-up" teeth come in.
Until children are able to practice proper oral health habits alone, parents should help their child brush and floss twice a day.
Always pay special attention to the back teeth, which may have more plaque.

10–12 years
Require children who play sports to wear a mouth guard to protect their smile.

13+ years
Parents can make the most of their teen's interest in how they look by reminding them that a healthy smile and fresh breath will help them look and feel their best.

Here are some tips

Encourage teens who wear braces to brush and floss thoroughly.
How teeth look when braces come off depends on how they're treated while the braces are on.
Suggest that teens carry a toothbrush, toothpaste, and floss in their purse or gym bag for use during the day.

Quick tips for better oral health for kids
Start practicing good oral care even before the first tooth comes in. From healthy gums come healthy teeth.
Parents should schedule their child's first dental appointment before the first birthday and every 6 months starting at age 3.
It is important that children brush twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste and begin flossing as soon as two teeth touch.
Children should limit sugary and sticky foods and drinks to protect against tooth decay.

Tooth decay is the primary cause of toothaches for most children and adults. Bacteria that live in your mouth thrive on the sugars and starches in the food you eat. These bacteria form a sticky plaque that clings to the surface of your teeth.

Acids produced by the bacteria in plaque can eat through the hard, white coating on the outside of your teeth (enamel), creating a cavity. The first sign of decay may be a sensation of pain when you eat something sweet, very cold or very hot.

A toothache often requires some sort of treatment by your dentist.

Self-care tips
Until you can see your dentist, try these self-care tips for a toothache:

  • Rinse your mouth with warm water.
  • Use dental floss to remove any food particles or plaque wedged between your teeth.
  • Take an over-the-counter (OTC) pain reliever to dull the ache, but don't place aspirin or another painkiller directly against your gums because it may burn your gum tissue.
  • Sparingly apply an OTC antiseptic containing benzocaine directly to the irritated tooth and gum for temporary relief.

Apply oil of cloves (eugenol) on a small piece of cotton directly to the sore tooth and gum to numb the area. If the toothache is caused by trauma to the tooth, apply a cold compress to the outside of your cheek area.

Call the office immediately if you have any of the following with a toothache:

  • Pain that persists for more than a day or two
  • Fever
  • Signs and symptoms of infection, such as swelling, pain when you bite, red gums or a foul-tasting discharge
  • Trouble breathing or swallowing